Employee Engagement Index to monitor engagement over the years
In an employee engagement survey, you have items to determine the Level of Engagement of employees. This requires only a handful of questions.
Level of Engagement items tend to measure 1) the condition of engagement and 2) the outcomes of engagement. To clarify, the condition of engagement is the presence of cognitive, emotional and physical energy. For example, outcomes of engagement are intending to stay with and advocacy for the company.
Next, you have additional items on the survey that focus on the Drivers of Engagement. There are typically more items to evaluate Drivers of Engagement. With a more extensive list of questions, you can collect more specific information. You may also include items on the pre-engagement threshold motivators of pay and benefits.
Some clients ask if they can have an engagement score to use as a barometer. They want to compare employee engagement over the years. In other words, if you ask the same survey questions, year-after-year, then isn’t there a way to show change? Is there some formula to use to show whether employee engagement is going up or down? Can you create an Employee Engagement Index?
Options for computing an Employee Engagement Index
Below are a couple of options you can use to create an Employee Engagement Index.
Engagement Index: Option 1
One way to calculate the engagement index is to compute three numbers. These numbers are 1) percent engaged, 2) percent responsive to engagement, and 3) percent disengaged. To clarify, you can compute these numbers this way:
- Engaged: percent who give top two box responses to the Level of Engagement questions. To clarify, see the numbers in yellow in the image below.
- All positive responses–Strongly Agree and/or Agree
- No Neutral response
- No negative responses–Disagree and/or Strongly Disagree
- Responsive to Engagement (Passive): percent of employees who give top three box responses to the Level of Engagement questions. That is to say, there is at least one Neutral response but no negative responses.
- Disengaged: percent of employees who give at least one bottom two box response to the Level of Engagement questions. In other words, there is at least one negative response–Disagree and/or Strongly Disagree.
The three numbers–% Engaged, % Passive, and % Disengaged–provide metrics to monitor change over the years. For example, just highlighting the percent Engaged from year-to-year is a useful metric for your Employee Engagement Index.
Engagement Index: Option 2
Another option for creating the engagement index is to compute a mean percent favorable score for each section of the survey and monitor changes in those scores, year-by-year. To clarify, this method generates a number of scores to monitor. This works best if the company is targeting a particular area—like Fit, Trust, Caring, Communication, Achievement or Ownership. And if they want to monitor if the changes they have made since the last survey are having an impact.
Calculate scores for all sections—not just one or two sections. Changes in one area can have an impact on other areas. Also, monitor the key driver questions to see if targeted items have changed. These mean percent favorable scores for each area are your metrics. To sum up, use these metrics to monitor changes in engagement from year-to-year.
More Detailed Explanation of Employee Engagement Metrics
There are many ways to compute an Employee Engagement Index. If you are interested in a more detailed review of Employee Engagement Metrics, go to this link.
Check this website for more information on employee engagement.